Tips on Understanding Business Terms
Joint Venture / Partnership / Alliance
The terms joint venture and partnership have very serious legal implications. Unless you mean to use them in their true context, avoid the use of these terms. They will cause confusion in the other camp if they are used indiscriminately. A more general term that is less likely to provoke concern is “alliance”.
A joint venture is a legal arrangement that normally requires significant commitment from the participants. It generally connotes the incorporation of an entity in which the venturers are joint shareholders. Often the new entity is initially supported by shareholder contributions before it launches its own business. The subsequent profits are divided according to the equity held by each party.
Partnership is also a precise legal concept that means two or more persons working together with a view to making profits. The danger of entering into a partnership is that each partner has the power to bind the other partners. If one partner incurs a debt, the creditor can recover it from the borrowing individual or from any other partner.
In short, unless it is completely accurate, avoid the use of the word “partner” or any related terminology. A better term to use is “working together”.
Agreement or Contract
There is often confusion about whether a document is a contract or agreement. It is really the same thing and the terms are interchangeable.
Deed or Agreement
There is a legal difference between a deed and an agreement although there is not a great deal of practical difference, other than the name of the document and the way the document should be executed.
A crucial reason to execute a document as a deed rather than an agreement is if there was concern over the existence of valid consideration. This is a fairly legal issue, so don’t worry too much. The key point is this: Don’t be overly perplexed by a document being a deed and not an agreement.
You may find it helpful to read our our articles on Document Anatomy. They are an attempt to demystify some of the jargon and legal concepts that can distract you from getting on with business. At times the other party can use a term that confuses you, even though you are across all the commercial and legal issues at stake. This basic guide may be useful. We hope so.
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